In fact, there are many kinds of bamboo. Some miniature bamboo varieties are suitable for planting in plastic plant pots, and some can even be planted in vases. The following is the method of growing bamboo in pots. I hope you will like it!
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1. Growth habits of bamboo
Bamboo is a perennial gramineous plant with woody stems. It is a branch of Gramineae. It is mainly distributed in the tropics, subtropics, East Asia, Southeast Asia, the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Islands. The smallest bamboo rod is 10-15cm high and the largest rod is 40m high. Most species bloom and bear fruit after growing for 12 to 120 years. Its flowering period is in May and fruiting period is in October. The flower language is noble, faithful and upright.
We now raise bamboo, which is not only diverse, but also technologically advanced. They are generally dwarfed. Therefore, they can be planted in bamboo planters and moved indoors for cultivation. The indoor environment is more suitable for growing bamboo in planters. They like to stay in a warm and humid environment. The more suitable growth temperature is between 15 ℃ and 25 ℃, which is basically the appropriate temperature of the human body.
In other words, if you feel comfortable indoors, bamboo in a planter will also be very comfortable. Underground stem propagation is the main propagation mode of bamboo. Every year, the bamboo shoots we dig are produced by its underground transverse stems. A bamboo shoot is a bamboo. We can see bamboo shoots everywhere in the bamboo forest. Therefore, bamboo has strong reproductive ability, so there is no need to worry about not being able to reproduce.
2. Types of potted bamboo
2.1 Yushan bamboo is one of the common potted bamboo species, which is suitable for growing in tropical, subtropical and warm temperate regions. Its plant is relatively low, the stem diameter is only about 3 ~ 4 mm, and the internode length is about 1 cm, so it is very suitable for bamboo tree planters cultivation and placed on the desktop for decoration.
Others plant Yushan bamboo in the courtyard for greening. But personally, bamboo in pots is much more beautiful than the large-scale planting. When the planting is too dense, the original elegant and handsome feeling of bamboo is less.
2.2 Phyllostachys pubescens itself is a relatively tall plant, which can grow to about 10 meters in the field. But for potting it, there are dwarf varieties. The dwarf Buddha belly bamboo is only about thirty or forty centimeters high. It is also very distinctive to plant it in bamboo plant pots. Dwarf potted Phyllostachys pubescens is also excellent when raised indoors. As long as it has good ventilation and regular watering, it can also become an evergreen landscape in four seasons.
2.3 The height of potted bamboo is generally between 30 ~ 60cm. Its stem is relatively thin, the nodule is slightly longer, and its leaves are green and divine. If it is properly maintained, it is more elegant. Many families choose potted bamboo. Phyllostachys pubescens can be cultivated in bamboo flower pots or made into a bonsai with other plants.
2. Best pot for bamboo plant
Potted bamboo can be planted in pots, plastic barrels, nutrition pots, seedling bags, tile pots and gallon planters. Among them, nutrition pots and plastic grow bags are the most economical and effective. Bamboo plant pots are selected according to the size of bamboo. Ground cover bamboo, such as feibai bamboo, can be used for 10 years × 10、13 × 12 cm nutrient bowl; Small bamboo such as Luohan bamboo can be used for 30 minutes × 30 cm nutrient bowl; Medium sized, such as yellow stalk and black feeding chicken bamboo, can be used for 30 minutes × 45、35 × 50 cm seedling bag.
The root system of bamboo is developed. Shallow bamboo planters should be selected, which can properly expose the root of bamboo and promote the absorption of bamboo roots. If the planter for bamboo plant is too deep and there is ponding if it is not watered properly, the root cannot be absorbed, which will cause root rot and leaves to fall.
3. Soil for bamboo in pots
Bamboo is a tropical and subtropical plant, evergreen all year round, especially suitable for growing in warm and humid places. The environment with good growth momentum of bamboo is mostly where the soil layer at the edge of mountain streams, low slopes and jungles is thick, fertile, loose and breathable. Therefore, when we growing bamboo in containers, we should use slightly acidic and neutral humus soil, such as peat soil 40%, sandy vegetable garden soil 30%, river sand 30%.
We can also use rotten leaf soil and pine needle soil instead of peat soil. Bamboo likes acidic, slightly acidic or neutral soil, with pH 4 5 to 7.0 is appropriate, avoid heavy and alkaline soil. The best soil for bamboo in pots is loose and fertile sandy loam with good drainage. Farmland soil can be mixed with red and yellow soil, humus soil and fine sand. If Phyllostachys pubescens is planted in ordinary soil, the survival rate is low.
Vermiculite or peat mixed with perlite can be used as the matrix, and the survival rate is high. Because the bamboo tree pot is shallow, there is no need to lay a drainage layer at the bottom of the bamboo plant containers. During the growth of bamboo, sufficient nutrients should be provided to promote the continuous growth. Adding ferrous sulfate into the soil can improve the permeability of the soil. The soil is hardened and cannot be absorbed by the root, so it needs to be turned over in time.
4. Repotting bamboo
How to replant bamboo plant? Dig 2 to 3 ornamental bamboos with low branches, lush bamboo leaves and beautiful plant shape. When digging, take more soil to ensure the integrity of buds and roots. Immediately transport to a cool place after excavation and spray water on the leaf surface. When excavating and transporting, do not shake the bamboo stalk, so as not to damage the bamboo and affect the survival. If the bamboo is too high, the shoot should be cut off.
If there are too many leaves, some leaves can be removed. When growing bamboo in pots indoors, the height shall be controlled at about 2m. The upper pots shall be carried out from March to April or from August to September. Put the bamboo plant pots flat first when loading the bamboo pots. The bottom of the bamboo pots for plants is padded with a layer of materials such as gravel and cinder, which is breathable and permeable.
Then fill in a layer of pot soil, put bamboo into the flower pot, and add the pot soil to about 4cm lower than the mouth of the bamboo planters, so as to facilitate the burial of bamboo shoots in the future. Finally, fill the soil again, and hammer the soil around the bamboo tree planters with a wooden stick while filling the soil. After the pot is installed, pour water immediately until water flows out from the bottom of the bamboo flower pots. The potted plants are placed in the area with scattered light for maintenance.
After a month, new branches and buds sprout, and then they can be placed in the sunny place. The best time for potting scattered bamboo is February and March before the shoots are unearthed in spring and September and October in autumn, among which February is the best. Cluster bamboo shoots in summer and autumn, and it is better to shoot from March to may in spring.
The best containers for bamboo should be replaced every 2 ~ 3 years, and the time should be from April to May. When replacing large pots for bamboo, pay attention to protect the fibrous roots on the bamboo roots and add fertile and loose culture soil. After turning the pots, put it in the shade, keep the pots soil moist, and spray leaf water frequently to prevent leaf shrinkage.
5. Watering bamboo plants in pots
Bamboo is not drought resistant, but it is also not waterlogging resistant. When watering, pay attention to the amount and frequency of watering, and don't let it be waterlogged for a long time. After moving into the best planters for bamboo, water thoroughly for the first time, and keep the pot soil moist in the future. Do not water too much, otherwise it is easy to rot the roots. From the stage of pots loading to survival, water should be often sprayed on the leaves.
If the pots soil is short of water, the leaves will curl. At this time, it should be watered in time, and the bamboo leaves will expand again. Bamboo likes a humid environment and requires a large amount of water, so it needs to make sufficient water supplement. Water thoroughly every time to ensure that the soil of the bamboo plant pots indoor is wet, and the leaves will grow greener. If the water is insufficient, the leaves will roll.
It can be watered once every two days in summer, and the temperature decreases in winter, so it is necessary to reduce watering. Bamboo prefer shallow planting in the open ground, avoid deep burial in thick soil, and the soil of bamboo pots should be dry and muddy. Do not direct sunlight in summer. Water once a day in the morning and spray branches and leaves once in the evening to keep the bamboo in pots green. It is better to keep the temperature at 10 ℃ for overwintering.
When the temperature decreases in winter, it is necessary to reduce watering to prevent freezing in the pot, but ensure that the soil of the bamboo planters is wet to prevent "dry plants". If the bamboo is cultivated in the courtyard, as long as the terrain is not low-lying during cultivation, there is no need to worry about water logging. Here I mainly introduce the watering skills of potted bamboo, which should keep the soil moist but not wet, and have good ventilation.
Bamboo likes wet environment, but in the process of watering, we should pay attention not to flood and ponding, because it is easy to cause the root of bamboo to break down and cause some insect pests. So water frequently and don't water too much each time. When transplanting, the soil moisture of the bamboo plant pots should not be too much, but pay attention to spraying water on the leaves. When the bamboo is short of water, the leaves will curl slightly. At this time, it should be watered in time. After the water is replenished, the leaves will stretch quickly.
6. Best fertilizer for bamboo in pots
Bamboo fertilizer is mainly organic fertilizer, which can be decomposed into livestock manure, garbage fertilizer and river mud. Organic fertilizer is mainly used as base fertilizer, mixed into pots soil, and the dosage is generally 10% to 15% of the amount of pot soil. After bamboo survives, it shall be properly topdressed, "thin fertilizer shall be applied frequently", and 0.5% urea or 1.0% compound fertilizer shall be applied in spring and summer.
Fertilization is needed when seedlings are young, because sufficient fertilizer can make it have more nodes and grow faster. Young bamboo is mainly applied with some fertilizer, water and organic fertilizer, and adult bamboo is mainly subject to urea, which is applied every other month. In case of fertilizer damage, immediately irrigate the bamboo plant pots, dilute the fertilizer concentration or wash away the fertilizer. If necessary, dig out the bamboo and clean the roots.
For potted ornamental bamboos, base fertilizer should be placed at the bottom of the bamboo planters, and the nutrient soil should be fertile, loose and breathable. Bamboo pots are important for viewing. They are required to be short and should be controlled between 50-60 cm. As the soil is shallow, the amount of fertilization should be controlled. If the fertilizer is applied blindly, the bamboo in pots will grow tall and strong and lose its small and unique charm.
Bamboo generally lives in the south, so the warm and humid environment is more suitable for it. Generally, the normal growth temperature is between 12 ℃ and 22 ℃. The temperature is too low for bamboo growth, which can easily lead to slow or stagnation of bamboo growth. The bamboo planted in the courtyard should be selected next to the wall that is ventilated and can receive the sunlight.
If it is a potted plant, bamboo flower pots should be placed by the window so that it can be exposed to the sun and ventilated. Bamboo in pots indoors like warm and abundant sunshine, because it can promote the rapid growth and branching, and the leaves will grow very vigorously.
The light is strong in summer, so proper shade protection is needed, and the leaves are prone to yellowing. When the environment is dry, sprinkle water on the air and blade surface to ensure air circulation and cool and moisturize. The sun can be normally exposed in spring and winter. In winter, the bamboo pots indoor must be moved to the leeward and sunny place or indoors.
8. Pruning bamboo in pots
From June to July, bamboo can be pruned, and the leaves and branches that grow too dense or affect the overall shape can be trimmed. For bonsai that needs special modeling, the side branches should be trimmed to facilitate the germination of new branches; New shoots should be removed in time.
Attention must be paid to the ways and methods of bamboo pruning. Generally, the dead branches and rotten leaves on the bamboo can be pruned. If there are many side branches, it can also be pruned, so as to make the trunk grow better. At the same time, if the top of the bamboo is pruned, it will not grow again in the future, so it is necessary to consider whether it needs to be pruned.
9. Pest control
The pests of potted bamboo mainly include aphids and scale insects, which can be sprayed with 1000 times of 80% dichlorvos emulsion or 40% dimethoate emulsion; The main diseases are coal pollution disease and witches' broom disease. The management should be strengthened and the diseased plants should be pruned in time. Bamboo elephant adults often chew bamboo at night.
If it is found, it can be covered with soil to prevent overwintering eggs from hatching. It can also be sprayed with dichlorvos solution. Bamboo witches' broom is one of the main diseases. After infection with this disease, the branches and leaves are slender, and the bamboo leaves will become scaly. In case of this disease, the diseased branches can be completely cut off, which can be better prevented.
Bamboo shoot rot. Control method: do not choose vegetable, pine and fir land as nursery land, and the best fertilizer for bamboo should be rotten. The seedlings were raised with 2-year-old healthy bamboo knots. Bamboo shoots with rotten leaf tips and shoot tips shall be cut off from the base immediately. After emergence (or at the beginning of disease), spray 50 times wave multi liquid or potassium permanganate once every 10 days until the bamboo seedlings grow healthily.
Shoot blight of Moso bamboo. Prevention and control methods: remove the pathogen, cut off the bamboo plants or bamboo shoots infected with dead shoot disease in combination with bamboo forest cutting and hook shoot, and burn the diseased bamboo and school in time. Don't use dead bamboo as a fence. During the peak period of disease from July to August, the investigation should be strengthened.
It is found that the new branches and leaves are withered and yellow, and brown disease spots appear on the bamboo stalk joints. The bamboo shoots should be hooked off at 1 ~ 2 joints below the disease site in time, so as to prevent the disease from continuing to spread and causing the whole plant to die. Spray 50% carbendazim wettable powder or 70% methyl tobuzin wettable powder, 1:1000 times solution, or 1% Bordeaux solution once every 15 days from the time of leaf exhibition in Hsinchu.
10. How to prevent bamboo from flowering
Bamboo is a common garden plant. Different kinds of bamboos have different flowering ages. Some bamboos bloom in a few years, and some take more than ten years, decades or even more than a hundred years. But bamboo, like rice, wheat and corn, is a flowering plant. It blooms and bears fruit once in its life. Once the flowers bloom and bear fruit, a large amount of nutrients will be consumed. After a large amount of nutrients stored in nutritional organs are consumed, life will soon end, wither gradually and cannot survive.
Therefore, after most bamboos bloom and bear fruit, the green leaves wither, the branches wither, and finally all die. Different from the flowering of other plants, the flowering and Fruiting of bamboo are generally determined by two factors. One is the internal factor. The bamboo whip must reach a certain individual maturity age; Second, external factors, such as special climatic conditions, long-term drought, soil hardening, lack of soil nutrients in flower pots, nutrient imbalance and so on.
Because after reaching a certain age, bamboo encounters serious water shortage and insufficient nutrition, photosynthesis will be weakened, nitrogen metabolism will be reduced, sugar concentration in plants will be relatively increased, nitrogen content will be relatively reduced, resulting in an increase in carbon nitrogen ratio, which is conducive to the formation of flower buds and flowering.
Therefore, the harsh growth environment can promote the flowering. Bamboo will blossom and bear fruit only if the internal and external conditions are met at the same time. Bamboo flowering can occur all year round, but it also varies according to different bamboo species. Generally, the flowering period is when the leaves change from April to May.
Before flowering, some abnormal phenomena often occur in plants or clumps, such as weakened growth, obvious decline in shoot output, few or no shoots, withered yellow or all fallen off bamboo leaves, short and deformed abnormal leaves on twigs, short and yellow plants, and it is difficult to draw branches and leaves, which are all signs of bamboo flowering.