Banana is a kind of fruit that everyone likes to eat, but many people have eaten bananas but haven't seen banana trees. In fact, many people do not know that bananas can be potted in addition to being planted in the open. It is very simple to grow banana plant in pot.
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Banana trees can also blossom and bear fruit in pots. Many varieties are suitable for maintenance in pots, and the tolerance of potted banana tree to low temperature will be slightly improved. Now let's introduce how to growing bananas in pots.
Banana tree is a large herb, which is emitted from the rhizome and forms a false rod 3~6 meters (10~20 feet) high from the lower part of the leaf sheath. Banana leaves are oblong to oval, some are 3~3.5 meters long (10~11.5 meters), 65 cm wide (26 inches), and 10~20 clustered stem tops. Banana tree spikes droop, drawn out from the top of the false rod, with most flowers, light yellow. The inflorescence is curved and vertical, and the results are 10~20 clusters, about 50~150.
Banana plants wither after bearing fruit, and the suckers growing from rhizomes continue to reproduce. Each banana tree can live for many years. A normal banana tree can grow to a height of more than 15 meters. For an ordinary potted plant, this is too big. When planting banana tree in pot, you must choose some dwarf varieties. Dwarf banana tree can also grow well in planters, which can generally be controlled at a height of more than two meters. There are many varieties suitable for potting.
The types include dwarf red, short female finger and so on. Banana trees are usually propagated by ramets. They will grow some small lateral buds next to the mother plant and plant them in banana tree pots. The bulb is the root of banana tree and contains the root of banana. If you don't want to plant bulbs, you can buy a small seedling when the tree grows. This will bypass the process of growing from bulbs to small banana trees and make planting easier.
We can now buy mini potted seedlings online or at the flower market. These seedlings have been planted in the seedling base. The banana tree in pot is not very big and the price is very cheap. Some young trees are only a few centimeters tall, while some big seedlings are more than 30 centimeters tall.
It's easy to grow when you buy them, and the survival rate will be super high. Therefore, we are not recommended to cultivate seedlings by ourselves. After you buy the seedlings back, you can replace the banana plant pots. Banana planters with a diameter of more than 40 cm should be the best, which is more breathable, and germs should be avoided in the process of planting.
Bananas will fruit in pots, but it is best to use larger pots and provide more space for the plants. The best time to plant bananas is when they are about six months old or younger because they grow quickly at this stage and will produce fruit within two years if cared for properly.
You must keep your bananas warm and humid if you want them to produce fruit. If your home is too cool for growing bananas indoors all year round, you may need to move them outside during the summer months when temperatures are warmer. You can also purchase an unheated greenhouse or sunroom where they will receive enough warmth and humidity during those months when it's too cold outside for them to do well inside your home or apartment.
How big of a planter do I need for a banana tree? Do banana trees need large pots? The size of your banana tree planter depends on the size of your banana tree. If you have a dwarf variety, you can grow it in a 5-gallon pot. The larger varieties require bigger pots, so plan on using at least a 10-gallon pot for them.
The depth of the pot should be at least as deep as the root ball of your plant, but no deeper than 18 inches. If you use a shallower pot, you'll have to transplant it again when it grows too tall for its new home. The planters should have a drain hole. Don't put banana trees in planters without good drainage.
Make sure the banana tree pot is deep so there is more room for roots. Choose what pots material and decide how much you want to spend. Buy a ceramic, metal, wooden pot or plastic banana pots. Then put the soil into the banana tree pots with good drainage and weak acidity (mixed soil of peat, perlite and vermiculite).
At the same time, prepare a short bulb. Short plants are low, but compared with ordinary banana trees, their plants can still grow to one or two meters high. Generally, they need to change banana tree pots after raising them for one or two years. When the banana tree grows longer than the first planter, you can change it to a larger size pot.
You'll need to add some organic material to the bottom of your planter before adding soil. This will help with drainage and prevent water from pooling at the bottom of the container when watering. You can use peat moss or perlite for this purpose; just make sure not to use rock wool or vermiculite because these are not suitable for growing plants in pots.
Banana trees are suitable to live in loose porous soil with strong drainage and air permeability. They can thrive in well drained pots soil. Banana trees need slightly acidic to neutral soil to blossom and bear fruit. The pH value of pots soil should be 6 ~ 7, and the pH value of planters soil should be reduced if it is alkaline. Pots soil should be rich in potassium and calcium.
Some bone meal can be buried at the bottom of the banana tree pots, or slow-release fertilizer with more slowly released fertilizer, phosphorus and potassium. For the potted banana tree care, it is necessary to provide them with loose and well drained soil. It is best to cultivate them with sandy soil or humus soil. You can use best potting soil for banana tree and rotten leaf soil rich in lipids, add some vegetable garden soil, mix about three equal parts of river sand or expanded perlite, and mix some slow-release fertilizer or rotten sheep manure at the bottom.
Banana trees like substrates with rich humus. Some soils are not good for the growth, such as the standard heavy potting soil or soil in your yard. It is suggested that you do not directly choose pastoral soil, but buy some gardening soil with better quality for planting. The soil for banana plant in pot can be mixed with a certain amount of river sand, perlite, compost or manure to meet the growth needs.
Best soil for indoor banana plant is cactus or palm soil mixture. You can buy this kind of pots soil online or in stores. Planting indoor banana tree is relatively simple. Remove the original pots, properly sort out the roots, and then plant it in the banana plant pots and pour it into water. It will soon grow into a lush potted plant.
Potted banana tree have beautiful tree shape, green and large leaves, beautiful flowers and fruits, and can be viewed and eaten. The key to the success lies in the selection of varieties with relatively small trees. It is not suitable for potted banana tree in colder areas. Banana tree in container can also be planted in greenhouse.
Dig a hole in the banana tree pots, put the sterilized and cleaned bulbs in, fill the gap on the side with the pots soil, and ensure that 20% of the bulbs on the top protrude out of the hole. When growing bananas in pots, you must choose a suitable banana tree planter. During the seedling growth period, there should be a medium-sized banana planter with large drainage holes at the bottom.
The soil is loose and fertile with good drainage. Banana tree should be protected from the sun a week before planting, and they can only see the light a week later. When the roots grow higher and higher, it is necessary to continuously cover the soil in the tree pots. In the later stage, as the banana tree grows slowly, it is necessary to change the banana plant pots.
Banana trees grow in tropical and subtropical areas and like plenty of sunshine and humid environment. In the process of maintenance, banana trees must be given as much light, warm environment and high air humidity as possible. Potted banana trees are best placed in a place with ventilation, light and shelter from the wind. There should be more than 6 ~ 8 hours of light every day. Make sure that the banana tree is not blown down by the strong wind, and pay attention to maintaining a warm environment.
Banana trees are kept indoors to maintain high air humidity, and spray around the water regularly. They need very sufficient light duration. Once in a relatively dark environment for a long time, banana trees are prone to obvious lack of growth and development. The nutrients absorbed by banana trees cannot be transformed into nutrients for plants through photosynthesis. Indoor potted banana trees must be exposed to the sun as much as possible.
They may only grow leaves and bear no fruit in the absence of sunlight. Pay attention to ventilation and spray more water in summer to keep the environment moist. If the tree is indoors, put the banana tree pots next to a big window so that it can get plenty of sunshine. In the maintenance process, it is best to put banana plant pots on the balcony facing south. The more sufficient the light, the better their growth and more conducive to bananas.
Rotate the banana tree planters regularly to ensure that all sides receive sunlight. If you only want to watch the leaves, there is no problem putting the banana planters in the living room. Banana is a plant that likes high temperature and high humidity. Ordinary plants are prone to diseases in such an environment, while banana trees can tolerate such an environment.
The optimum temperature for banana growth is 24 ~ 32 ℃, and the optimum temperature is 27 ℃. If the number of days within this range is more, the earlier the bud is, the higher the yield is. Generally, the minimum temperature should not be lower than 15 ° C, otherwise it will hinder plant growth.
How do you winter a potted banana tree? The best way to keep a potted banana tree alive during the winter is to place it outside in an area with partial shade and a sheltered location from the wind. You should move the plant back inside before temperatures dip below 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4 degrees Celsius), as the plant may not survive if left outdoors in freezing temperatures.
If you plan to winterize your potted banana tree indoors, make sure that it has adequate light and water before moving it into your home. The plant should receive at least five hours of sunlight per day and should be watered once every week or two when kept indoors.
How to water banana plant? Bananas are suitable for growing in a relatively humid environment, so it is necessary to provide appropriate water for plants and keep the soil moist. When providing water, we also need to pay attention to the amount of watering. Generally, we only need to water the plants when the soil is relatively dry, so as to avoid too much watering and the plants cannot grow normally.
How much water does a banana tree need? When watering, we must pay attention to the characteristics of bananas. Banana trees like water but are not resistant to ponding. So make sure that the soil is kept moist every day, but don't let the banana pots accumulate water. You can put your finger into the soil and see how dry the soil is below.
How often to water banana plant? In summer, the pots soil dries quickly, so it should be watered in time to maintain the water content of the pots soil and the root of the plant, which is basically watered 1 ~ 2 times a day. If the soil surface is wet and muddy, you don't need to water. If you can't water it in time, it's easy to wither the edge of the leaf.
There should be sufficient water for the growth of banana trees. If there is ponding in the banana planters, it should be removed in time, and the water should be properly controlled in the fruiting period. In spring and autumn, wait until the pots soil is slightly dry before watering, and reduce watering in winter.
Banana trees have weak resistance to diseases and pests. It is necessary to avoid excessive moisture in the soil. If it is found that the leaves begin to appear tender yellow, it is generally that they are watered too often. If the edges of leaves begin to wither, it is generally that the air is too dry, or the ventilation is not good, or there may be a lack of thin fertilizer. When growing bananas in containers for the first time, water it with a hose and soak the soil around the bulb. But be careful not to be too wet or ponding.
During the growth period, pay attention to replenishing water regularly. When the soil 2 ~ 3cm below the banana plant pots is dry, water it in time to avoid ponding in the banana tree planters. During indoor curing, avoid excessive drying of air, and the relative humidity shall not be lower than 40% for a long time. In summer, when the temperature is high, you can spray water around the leaves.
When grow banana plant, it's best to add rotten organic manure to the bottom of the pots, such as sheep manure. Usually, you can use some nutrient solution every month, such as self-made bean cake water and rice washing water, or buy some nutrient solution and Austrian green fertilizer from meileke, so that the banana tree will grow stronger.
Banana tree is a fast-growing plant, which needs more nutrients in the process of growth. Therefore, it is necessary to provide appropriate nutrients for the plant and improve the growth speed of the plant. When providing nutrients, it is necessary to select appropriate fertilizer. Generally, it can provide nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium compound fertilizer for plants to absorb balanced nutrients.
To make banana trees blossom and bear fruit, in addition to having as much light and large banana plant pots as possible, you can give some thin fertilizer in the growing season. When banana trees are young, they should be given more nitrogen fertilizer or fertilizer with high nitrogen content to help them grow. After the plant grows strong, you can give more phosphorus and potassium.
Before flowering, you can spray more huaduoduo No. 2 or 0.2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate fertilizer to make the flower bud bigger. After the flower bud comes out, pay attention to the sun. After blooms, it can bear a string of small bananas. Fertilize once a month and use fertilizers with high magnesium, potassium and nitrogen to promote the growth. Mix soluble fertilizer with water or sprinkle granular fertilizer on the pots soil.
Provide proper nutrition and minerals for the roots and promote the growth. During spring and summer, banana trees can be fertilized once a week. It takes almost three months from the emergence of flower buds to the maturity of bananas. Once the banana tree begins to blossom and bear fruit, it is necessary to give it a fertilizer with high potassium content. It is recommended to apply a compound fertilizer with a ratio of 15:5:30 of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium at the time of fruit bearing. When the fruit is ripe, cut it down directly and you can eat it.
The small tree we bought are all planted in the original pots. After we buy them back, we can change the planter after delaying the seedlings for about one week. When changing banana planters at this time, remember not to use large pots for small seedlings, otherwise it is easy to stuffy roots. The pot size for banana tree is similar to the banana crown. With the growth, just change larger banana pots every year.
Transplant into large plastic planters, and then fix it. When the tree stops growing vertically, you can know that the banana tree needs to change planters. Put it horizontally and slide it out of the banana plant pots. Put the soil into the new big planter, then put the banana tree into the big new pots, and then fill the pots with best soil for dwarf banana plant.
When repotting, be careful not to damage the roots. Dwarf banana tree for about a year, you need to change to 25-30 gallons (90-110 liters) of banana tree pots. Such large banana planter is difficult to put on the balcony. At least there should be a yard or terrace to raise the dwarf banana until it blooms and bears fruit. Otherwise, you can only watch the leaves.
If it is planted on the balcony or indoors, the dwarf banana plant in container can only be developed into an indoor potted foliage plant. However, its leaves are particularly large and thick, which has a tropical style and is easier to raise than the crane hope orchid and the tourist banana.
If they are curious about this plant, they can also growing dwarf banana tree in pots. Dwarf banana tree is very suitable for cultivating potted plants. In the later stage, banana tree in planter can be continuously propagated by dividing plants. Before blooms and bears fruit, some lateral buds can also sprout at the bottom. If these lateral buds grow a little longer, they can be broken off after the spring is warm and propagated separately when changing banana tree pots.
Banana trees are usually propagated by ramets, which will grow some small lateral buds next to the mother plant. Generally, if you replanting banana plants in pots, several small buds will soon appear next to it. These small buds can also grow into a new banana tree. Therefore, if you want to get more, you can reproduce separately.
After 6-8 weeks of sustained and healthy growth, banana trees need to be properly pruned. When the banana tree grows, the plant will begin to sprout. Select the healthiest and largest sucking buds and cut off the rest of the sucking bulbs. When the banana tree needs to be pruned, it needs to grow again. After harvesting the fruit, cut down the banana tree to make it 0.76 meters away from the pots soil, so as not to damage the main bud.
After pruning, banana trees will grow more fruits. Growing a banana tree indoors, it is not necessary to prune the plants frequently. Generally, it is only necessary to prune the plants once after they bear fruit. First, we need to select scissors with sharp edges, and then use scissors to cut all the parts above the root of the plant, and disinfect the pruning wounds of the plant.
In the second year, the banana tree in pot can grow again and bear fruit. If it is not properly pruned, generally, the plant will bear fruit only once after it grows and matures, and then it can only be maintained as a green plant. If you want the banana plant in pot to bear fruit every year, you need to prune the it reasonably to help the plant save nutrients and provide water and fertilizer reasonably.
Dwarf banana trees are generally resistant to disease. If the leaves are tender and yellow, it means you have watered more. If the leaves turn yellow brown or very dry, it is lack of nutrition and need to supplement fertilizer. It is necessary to often check whether there are aphids, weevils and red spiders on banana plants. If they are found early, they can be easily solved with organic pesticides.
The above is the introduction of banana tree pots, but not all bananas are suitable for potting. When grow banana plant in pot, we should choose some dwarf varieties, such as super dwarf Cavendish. The plant height is more than 1m, which is very suitable for potting. I think the water, fertilizer, indirect light and temperature control are the most important. Growing bananas in pots requires careful attention at every step.