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Begonia Planters


Begonia has beautiful flowers in spring, numerous red fruits in autumn, exquisite and lovely. It is not only a beautiful flower and fruit tree species in landscaping, but also an ideal bonsai material. So, how can such popular Begonia flower be cultivated in plastic plant pots at home? How to growing begonias in pots? Now let's talk about these problems together!


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Do begonias do well in pots?

Begonia is a very popular house plant. It is easy to grow, attractive and makes a beautiful indoor display. If you are someone who likes to have plants around, but does not have the time or space for a large garden, begonia is for you.


Begonias are very adaptable plants that can thrive in almost any kind of potting mix. Their hearty root systems ensure that they will grow well even if you don't provide them with the perfect conditions for growing begonias. However, if you want to grow as quickly and healthy as possible, you'll need to provide them with plenty of water and fertilizer throughout the year.

Best pots for begonias

What kind of pots do begonias like? It's best to choose flower pots of different shapes according to the begonia shape. If the begonia bonsai is made into a cliff style, use a thousand tube flowerpot; If it is made into double dry type, multi dry type, horizontal dry type, root type, jungle type, stone attached type, most of them use shallow begonia planters.


Begonias love fertilizer and develops rapidly, so the begonia pots cannot be too shallow or too small, otherwise it will have to be replaced soon. In addition, planting and replacing begonia planters are best carried out from February to March, and also in late autumn. The young trees develop rapidly, and the begonia planters have to be replaced every 1-2 years.


When replacing begonia pots, the roots and branches can be trimmed to ensure the beautiful effect. When making bonsai, the begonia planters should not be too large, and try to use a shorter begonia flower pot. The begonia pots shape can be round, square, rectangular, etc. It is better to compare the begonia planters color with the flower color.

pictures of begonias in pots

The texture of begonia pots should be ceramic or plastic flowerpot, and the depth should not be too deep. The begonia planters has good water permeability and air permeability. When potting, the bottom of the begonia pots is padded with sand or vermiculite to facilitate drainage. The begonia planter is breathable and the soil is breathable. Raising begonia flowers can get twice the result with half the effort.

Best soil for begonias in pots

Begonia is a very easy to raise plant. It has no strict requirements for soil. When planted in the yard, ordinary garden soil can be used. If it is potted for viewing, the begonia flower needs relatively loose pot soil and a little alkaline, and the pH value of the soil is probably no less than 7. Begonia flowers are woody plants. They are planted in garden soil, but the indoor ventilation is relatively poor, and the garden soil is not well maintained.


When planting begonias in pots, it can be cultivated with expanded perlite, rotten leaf soil, coarse sandy soil and peat soil. This best potting soil for begonias has good drainage, good air permeability, loose soil and is not easy to accumulate water. It also has sufficient fertility and complete nutritional elements. Of course, if you want begonia to grow better, you can properly use some rotten fertilizer as base fertilizer to increase the fertility of the soil.


Due to the large consumption of flowering and growth, we are required to regularly adjust the soil, fully integrate 1g ferrous sulfate, 1g rice vinegar and 1L water, and pour it directly into the soil of the begonia planters. Once a month, there will be no yellow leaves (green veins and yellow in other places).

Planting begonias in pots

When planting, the method of sowing and seedling raising can be adopted, but for convenience, the propagation method of grafting is often used. When grafting, choose vitex trifolia or begonia seedlings as rootstocks, and propagate seedlings by branch grafting or bud grafting. Branch grafting was carried out from February to March and bud grafting was carried out from August to September.


The root cutting should be carried out in February to March. The root with a thickness of about 1 cm and a length of 7 ~ 10 cm should be inserted into the potting soil for begonias, about 3 / 4 of which has a high survival rate. Branching and layering should be carried out in spring, which is easy to survive. The planting depth hould not be too deep, so that the root system can stretch relatively well. The best loading depth is 12 cm away from the bottom of the begonia planters, but the details still depend on the plant size.


The plants of begonia flower are relatively tall, so it is necessary to support the branches with some fine bamboo and other objects in order to prevent lodging. At the same time, we also need to pay attention to changing begonia planters, soil and pruning every spring. The planting and repotting should be carried out from February to March, and it can also be carried out in late autumn. Loose and fertile garden soil, humus soil mixed with sand or rice husk ash should be used as the matrix, and mountain mud can also be used.


When changing pot, a small amount of rotten cake crumbs and bone meal can be put into the bottom of the begonia pots as the base fertilizer. The young trees grow rapidly, and the begonia planters can be changed every 1 ~ 2 years, and the old tree piles can be turned every 2 ~ 3 years. When repotting begonia, the roots and branches need to be trimmed to increase beauty and maintain balance.

Temperature

Begonia flowers are produced in plains or mountains, with an altitude of 50-2000 meters. Begonia like sunshine, avoid water and humidity. Due to the influence of temperature in summer and winter, the growth is slow, so it is necessary to strengthen the management of fertilizer and water.

begonias in pots

In summer and winter management, if the temperature can be controlled below 30 ℃ and above 10 ℃, the watering is appropriate, the fertilization is appropriate, and the plants must be strong, so as to achieve continuous flowering in four seasons. In the high-temperature season in midsummer, measures should be taken to avoid strong direct light and reduce temperature.


The begonia planters should be placed in a ventilated place. For example, the potted begonia can be placed in the courtyard or balcony. Create a small environment below 30 ℃ for maintenance, and keep the soil dry and wet. If it is too wet, it is easy to rot the roots, and if it is too dry, the leaves will wilt, as long as it is slightly wet; Excessive fertilization during this period will cause tender stems and leaves or rot.


Overwintering begonias in pots: Begonia flower is extremely cold resistant and has strong adaptability to cold and dry weather, so it can withstand cold weather. Generally speaking, potted begonia can develop well at minus 15 ℃ and can be placed outdoors. However, if it is particularly cold, such as minus 30 or 40 ℃, you should pay attention to taking protective measures. You can directly move the begonia planters to a sunny place indoors.

Care of begonias in pots

The development of plants is inseparable from sunshine, and begonia is the representative of it. Begonias in pots is suitable for development in sunny conditions. If you keep it in a cool place for a long time, it will develop poorly, so you must keep it sunny. Special attention should be paid to potted plants in family breeding. When the potted begonia is in the development stage, it should be taken care of in a place with sufficient light.


Begonia is a strong positive flower, so you should see enough light all year round. If you lack light, you will not bloom for a long time, and a long lack of light will cause fallen leaves. If the light is insufficient, the soil will dry relatively slowly, which is easy to lead to stuffy or rotten roots. Therefore, the begonia planters must be placed in a suitable position. Nourished by the sun, begonias in containers not only has green leaves, but also has smooth flower bud differentiation and charming flowering.


For the indoor maintenance, the begonia pots must be placed where the light can be fully seen. It must be ventilated and ventilated. It must pay attention to opening windows so that begonia flowers can breathe fresh air. This can not only improve the resistance of flowers and reduce diseases, but also be conducive to the growth of begonia flowers.


In early spring, the begonia planters should be moved to a place with sufficient sunshine to maintain sufficient light, so as to promote the normal opening of flower buds. If the plant cannot see sunshine for a long time, its branches and leaves will grow in vain, affecting the quality of flowering. Its flowering time is usually in late February or early May, and the flowering period is mostly more than 10 days.


In summer, if the light on the balcony and windowsill at home is relatively fierce, don't let the sun shine directly on the begonia for the sake of light, otherwise the potted begonia is easy to scorch the edges and yellow leaves, and it doesn't look energetic at all. In the morning and afternoon, the light is a little weak. You can put the pots for begonias in the sunny place. At noon, the light is very strong. You should place the begonia flowers in a cool place.

best pots for begonias

If the light conditions are relatively weak in winter, it is easy to lack light, so put the begonia planters in a bright place in winter to supplement the light. At ordinary times, it is best to keep potted begonia in a place with astigmatism and accept soft light. Don't be too sunburned or overheated. It's a good choice to put it on the East and West balconies and windowsills.

Watering begonia

Begonias in pots is not drought tolerant. Too dry environment will cause its leaves to wither and shrink, and even the whole plant to wilt and shrivel. So at ordinary times, we should not only water the begonias in containers, but also ensure that the air around its growth environment has a certain humidity. We can spray some water around the plant. If we breed indoors, we can use a humidifier to make the air more moist.


During plant growth, try not to make the pot soil too dry, but keep the soil slightly moist. As long as there is no ponding in the begonia pots, there will be no rotten roots. It is better to keep the pot soil moist for watering. The detailed watering should depend on the weather. The pot soil should be kept moist, but it is not allowed to accumulate water. It is best not to get wet in the rain, so as to avoid excessive water leading to rotten roots.


Daily begonia water requirements should be done according to the season. In spring, the pot soil should be kept slightly wet, but there should be no ponding. During the period of plant growth and bud in early spring, it is necessary to water reasonably. If the pot soil is too dry or there is ponding, it is not conducive to flowering. It should be dry and wet, that is, when the surface of the pot soil is dry, it should be watered in time.


After the plants bloom, the pot soil should not be too wet, otherwise it is easy to cause the flowers to wither. In summer, because the weather and the plant itself need to evaporate a lot of water, spray water around the begonia planters to increase the air humidity in a small range and reduce the temperature of the environment. Water every 2-3 days, preferably in the evening. In autumn, it is necessary to control the amount of watering, and it is better to keep the pot soil dry and ventilated.


In winter, water less, just once a half month. In cold winter, water can be stopped to spray fat water on leaves instead of water to prevent the root rot of begonia flower caused by improper watering. After dormancy of plants in winter, it's OK to reduce watering and dry the pots soil a little. In addition, it is necessary to keep sufficient water in the pot soil during flowering.

Best fertilizer for begonias

When planting begonia bulbs in pots, you can apply some rotten chicken manure, sheep manure and other organic fertilizers to it at the bottom of the pot. During plant growth, you can apply compound fertilizer once a month to make the plant grow very vigorously. In order to make it bloom more, some fertilizers with high phosphorus and potassium content can also be applied appropriately before the plant grows the bud.


Begonia fertilization can use more organic fertilizer, which can reduce diseases and improve flowering quality. When sprouting in spring, apply organic fertilizer and water once. Begonia flower in spring can use organic fertilizer mixed with some compound fertilizer, which is not only conducive to the growth of leaves, but also promote the flowering. In spring, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 1:1000 is used for flowering once or twice a month.

begonia planters

In other seasons, multi-element fertilizers, such as general nutrient solution or liquid fertilizer for begonias, are multi-element fertilizers. If the nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are balanced, they will grow stably and are not easy to yellow leaves. In autumn, organic fertilizer can be used to mix phosphorus and potassium fertilizer, which is conducive to flower bud differentiation and store nutrients, which is conducive to winter.


In autumn, begonia in a pot will fall leaves. After falling leaves, large fertilizer must be applied to ensure that it loses nutrients. Phosphorus and potassium fertilizer should be applied after flower withering. A little special fertilizer for begonia can be purchased every day, and proper fertilization can be introduced according to the certificate. Once or twice a month. Begonias in pots indoors needs sufficient nutrients during its growth, especially when it germinates new branches and leaves and blooms flower buds.


Begonia plants absorb sufficient nutrients before they can grow luxuriant branches and leaves and open more beautiful flowers. The base fertilizer can be directly added to the soil for begonias in pots and stirred evenly, or the diluted liquid fertilizer can be used, and the fertilizer concentration can be slightly lower.


Begonia fertilizer requirements: Generally, it is OK to apply fertilizer for begonias every two weeks. For example, improve the appearance after pruning the begonias in pots. Some compound fertilizers can also be added in spring to enhance the flowering appearance of begonien fimbriata. In autumn, compound fertilizers can be used to enhance the cold resistance of plants.

Pruning begonias in pots

If begonia wants to be beautiful, it needs to be trimmed and rolled. The pruning time is appropriate from falling leaves in winter to germination in spring. When trimming begonias, it is best to cut off dead branches, pest branches, thin and weak branches, cross branches, overlapping branches, over dense branches and other miscellaneous branches, and only keep modeling branches. Pick the heart more, don't love the bud, and keep picking off the top of each branch, so that it will continue to branch and become a ball.


After flowering in spring, the long branches can be appropriately shortened according to the modeling needs, so as to promote the growth of side branches, increase the number of flower buds and ensure a wide range of flowers in the coming year. If the begonia is relatively tall and straight, we can consider using lateral branches instead of trunk. Pruning is best carried out together with rolling. Pay attention to the overall situation in modeling and create an overall aesthetic feeling.


During meiyu period, the new branches have grown more mature, and the branches are more elastic, which is also suitable for cutting and binding processing. The processing of 2-3-year-old seedlings can be started. At this time, the plasticity is large and the operation is easy. It is better to use brown wire and metal wire together. The trunk and big branches need to be properly coiled and bound, and all small branches need to be trimmed and shaped.


Most begonias bloom on biennial branches. If there are too many overgrown branches, it will not only affect the beauty of the tree shape, but also reduce the amount of flowering. Therefore, after flowering, the plant can be pruned and some long and high branches can be cut short, which can promote it to germinate new branches and blossom more in the coming year. The blooming flowers should also be trimmed in time; Always turn the begonia planters so that it doesn't skew in one direction.

begonia pots

The branches and leaves should be trimmed into a natural crown, and should not be coiled and tied too regularly. The leaves of potted begonia flowers are too dense and should be removed a little. If the ventilation is not good, it is easy to get mildew. Begonias in pots grows fast, so brown wire and metal wire should be removed in time to prevent damage to branches and stems. It can be processed into inclined dry type, curved dry type, water facing type, cliff type, double dry type, multi dry type and other shapes.


Just remember that if it is not pruned in autumn, it can differentiate flower buds normally. If it is pruned in autumn, it may lead to non differentiation of flower buds. If the shape is not good-looking, you can trim and control the shape after falling leaves in winter, so as not to affect the flowering. In addition, do not get caught in the rain and do not water too much, otherwise overwatered begonia is easy to black leaves.

Diseases and pest control

Begonias in containers is vulnerable to diseases and insect pests, resulting in damage to local branches and leaves, greatly reduced appreciation value, and even death of the whole plant. The main diseases endangering begonia are red star disease and begonia rust, which can be controlled by stone sulfur mixture, methyl tobuzin and other chemicals. Pests mainly include aphids, scale insects and pear net bugs, which can be controlled by phoxim, cypermethrin and other chemicals.

How long do potted begonias last?

Begonia (Begonia genus) is a perennial flowering plant. Begonia plants are grown for their flowers, which come in a wide range of colors and sizes. Most begonias grow as annuals or tender perennials in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 through 11, although some varieties are hardy to zone 7.


Begonias are usually sold as potted plants in 4-inch pots and can be found at almost any garden center or nursery. They come in a wide variety of colors, shapes, sizes and blooms. There are annuals which die after one season and perennials which live for years.


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